The surname of HAYDEN was a locational name 'of Haydon' parishes in Counties Dorset, and Essex. Also a chapelry in the parish of Warden, County Northampton. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was taken to Ireland by early settlers where it is Gaelicized as OhEideain, meaning 'the descendant of Eidean' a personal name meaning 'clothes, armour'. This is also the name of a County Carlow sept, sometimes anglicized as Headon. The name of a Norman family who settled in County Wexford, although the name is now very rare in Ireland. Ireland is one of the earliest sources of the development of patronymic names in northern Europe. Irish Clan or bynames can be traced back to the 4th century B.C. and Mac (son of) and O (grandson or ancestor of) evolved from this base, the original literal meaning of which has been lost due to the absence of written records and linguistic ambivalences which subtly but inexorably became adopted through usage. Genealogists and lexographers accept that the patronymic base does not refer to a location, quite the contrary. The use of the prefix 'Bally' (town of) attaching to the base name, identifying the location. The base root was also adopted by people residing in the demographic area without a common ancestor. These groups called 'Septs' were specially prevalent in Ireland. The first Normans arrived in Ireland in the 12th and 13th centuries to form an alliance with the King of Leinster. Under Elizabeth I in the 16th century, settlers from England established themselves around Dublin, then under English control and Presbyterian Scots emigrated to Ulster, introducing English and Scottish roots. Early records of the name mention Richard de Haydon, 1273 County Yorkshire. Agnes de Heydonne of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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