HAY was derived from the Old English word Haga. The first of the name to appear in Scotland was probably William de Haya, Butler of Scotland, who was a cadet of the seigneurs de la Haye Hue in Normandy, and came to Scotland about 1166, married a Celtic heiress and became Baron of Erroll and who obtained the lands of Herrol in Gowrie from Richard the Lion in the year 1178-82. Thomas de Hayo made a gift to the Hospital of Soltre in 1202. Lord Charles Hay, hero of Fontenoy, belonged to the great Border branch that became Lords of Hay of Yester in 1488, now represented by the 11th Marquies of Tweedale, and including Hays of Haystoun, Alderstoun and Duns. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered in Scotland.
Origin of name: French La Haye
a place name Normandy meaning
Plant Badge: Mistletoe
Gaelic Name: MAC GARAIDH
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