The surname of GREGORY was a baptismal name 'the son of Greg'. This fontal name was widely used in the 13th and 14th century and in fact is still a popular Christian name. It was derived from the Latin Gregorius a name meaning 'watchman'. Several early Scots bishops bore this name, appropriate for the overseer of a church. Early records mention Gregory Grimbawd, who was documented in the year 1273 in the County of Oxford. Grigori de Bertune, was documented in the year 1300 in Wales. William filius Gregorii was the provost of Crail, Scotland in the year 1330. John Gregorie was minister of Drumoak in 1633. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufacturer. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. An eminent member of the name was Saint Gregory (240-332) the 'Illuminator' said to have been of the royal Persian race of the Arsacidae. He was made patriach of Armenia. Gregory XV (1765-1623) was the Pope in 1621. He established the still-used procedure for papal elections, set up the congregation of the Propagation of the Faith, and canonized Francis Xavier, Ignatius Loyola and Teresa of Avila, among others. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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