The surname of GRANTHAM was a locational name 'one who came from Grantham' a town in County Lincolnshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Thomas de Grantham, 1220 Hertfordshire, Edward Grantham appears in Lincoln in the year 1300, and Thomas Grantham of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Grantham married Katheryn Bennet at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1544. The name was taken early to Scotland, and John de Granthame who was granted a charter in favour of the Abbey of Kelso, was recorded in the year 1270, and appears to be the first of the name recorded in Scotland. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The earliest hereditary surnames in England are found shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and are of Norman French origin rather than native English. On the arrival of the Normans they identified themselves by references to the estates from which they came from in northern France. These names moved rapidly on with their bearers into Scotland and Ireland. Others of the Norman Invaders took names from the estates in England which they had newly acquired. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Golitho, County Lincolnshire to John Grantham. (No date given). It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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