This surname of GOTTO was a German topographic name meaning 'the dweller near the place where wisteria was grown'. The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. The name is also spelt GOTT, GOTTZ, GOTZ, GOT and GOTTE. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. A notable member of this name was GOTZ von Berlichingen (l480-l562), German condottiere born in Jaxthausen in Wurttemberg, nicknamed 'of the iron-hand' because of a steel replacement for his right hand lost in the siege of Landshut (l505). From l497 onwards he was involved in continual feuds, in which he displayed both lawless daring and chivalrous magnanimity. Twice he was placed under the ban of the empire. He fought for Duke Ulrich of Wurttemberg (l5l9) against the Swabian league, and after his heroic defence of Mockmuhl was taken prisoner. In the Peasants' War of l525 he led a section of the insurgents, was captured by the Swabian league, kept a prisoner at Augsburg for two years and sentenced to perpetual imprisonment. He was only freed on the dissolution of the league in l540. In l542 he was fighting in Hungary against the Turks, and in l544 in France. He died in his castle of Hornberg. He wrote an autobiography, published in l73l, on which GOETHE grounded his drama 'GOTZ VON BERLICHINGEN'. Another notable of the name was Edmund Francois Jules GOT (1822-1901) the French actor born in Lignerolles (Orne). In 1844 he made his debut. From 1850 to 1866 he was a member of the Comedie Francaise. He received the cross of the Legion d'Honneur in 1881.
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