The surname of GLOSSOP was a locational name from a place so called in County Derbyshire, a parish in the High Peak on the Lancashire border. The name was derived from the Old English word GLOSSOPE, and literally meant the dweller at the valley. The earliest of the name on record appears to be GLOSOP (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. GLOSHOP (without surname) was recorded in 1219 in Cheshire, and GLOSHOP was recorded in Derbyshire in the year 1290. Habitation names were originally acquired by the original bearer of the name, who, having lived by, at or near a place, would then take that name as a form of identification for himself and his family. When people lived close to the soil as they did in the Middle Ages, they were acutely conscious of every local variation in landscape and countryside. Every field or plot of land was identified in normal conversation by a descriptive term. If a man lived on or near a hill or mountain, or by a river or stream, forests and trees, he might receive the word as a family name. Almost every town, city or village early times, has served to name many families. Later instances of the name mention John Sumner and Anne Glossop who were married at Prestbury Church, Cheshire in 1605, and Clifford Glossop was listed in the Preston Guild Rolls in 1682. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously.
Simeon Smith and Ann Glassop were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1768.
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