The surname of GLIDDON was a locational name 'of Gledhill' a small spot in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was originally derived from the Old English word GLEODA, literally meaning the dweller on the steep hills, and the name arrived in England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property.
Early records of the name mention Gliddone (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086 and Thomas Gleadle appears in County Yorkshire in 1273. Edward Gladon was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Ricardus Gliddone of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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