This French surname of FUQUA was a baptismal name meaning 'the descendant of FOLC' (people's guardian) perhaps a name applied to a soldier or warrior or one who held an important position in a king or noble's household, perhaps the officer in charge of military affairs in the household of a medieval king, prince or noble. Many highly skilled and specialized craftsmen were employed in such a way. The principal officers who performed this supervisory duty for the lords were obviously better paid than the serfs and occupied positions of respect in the community. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time fixed surnames were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are derived from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, surnames were not widely used until much later, when people began to realize the prestige of having a second name. America was colonized by peoples from all over the world in a very short period of time, and mostly, in the case of French immigrants they have stayed together in Louisiana. Of the early immigrants to America the French have fared the worst in respect of their names, chiefly because of the difficulties experienced by the Americans in pronouncing them correctly. Many have been translated into English names. French heraldry bears a close relationship to British. From the Renaissance people tended to place only their coronets of rank upon their helmets. By the 18th century the helmet had also been abandoned and coronets were placed directly above the shield. After the French Revolution of 1789, heraldry was abolished, being replaced some 15 years later by a new Imperial heraldry, characterised by weapons and images of Napoleonic campaigns, crests, helmets and mottoes being removed.
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