The surname of FULLERTON was a locational name from the barony of Fullerton in Dundonald parish, Ayrshire. The earliest of the name in Scotland appears to be Alanus de Fowlertoun who founded and endowed out of his lands a convent of Carmelite or White Friars at Irvine. He died in 1280. His son, Adam, had a charter of the lands of Foullartoun and Gaylis in Kyle Stewart, from James the High Steward, circa 1283. In 1327, Robert I granted to Galfridus de Foullertoune, the lands of Fouletoun in the sheriffdom of Forfar, with the office of falconer within the sheriffdom. The estate was held by the family for at least 120 years. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufacture. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. Later instances of the name mention William de Foulertoune and Robert de Foulertoune, who witnessed charters in 1450, and Robert Fowlartoum was one on an inquest on the lands of Ouchtirlowny in 1457. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Arms borne by George Alexander Downing Esq, of Ballintoy Castle, from Fergus Fullerton of Scotch ancestry who settled in Ireland during the reign of James I (1603-1625). Recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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