This surname was derived from the Old German Fulchar which was from the elements of FOLK (people) and HERI (army). The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. This name however was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The earliest of the name on record mentions Fulcher (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday Book. Other records of the name mention Seuuale filius Fulgeri, who appears in London in 1095, and Ralph Volker was recorded in 1167 in Hampshire. Rogerus filius Foulkere was documented in County Oxford in the year 1201. John Foucher was documented in 1242, County Essex, and William Fouger was recorded in County Suffolk in 1524. Johannes Fowcher of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Fitch and Elizabeth Foulger were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1611. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did.
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