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Friend Coat of Arms / Friend Family Crest

Friend Coat of Arms / Friend Family Crest

The surname of FRIEND was derived from the Old English FREOND - meaning one who was a friend. The name is also spelt Frend and Frynd. Early records of the name mention Robert Frend of the County of Northumberland in 1166. Gervase Lefrend of the County of Middlesex was documented in the year 1221. John le Frend of the County of Lancashire was recorded in the year 1273. Walter le Frend of County Somerset, was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Willelmus Frynd of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. As early as the year 1100, it was quite common for English people to give French names to their children, and the earliest instances are found among the upper classes, both the clergy and the patrician families. The Norman-French names used were generally the names most commonly used by the Normans, who had introduced them into England during the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.


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Last Updated: May 9, 2020

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