The surname of FRAYER was derived from the Old English word 'frere' an official name meaning one who was in a religious brotherhood, a man of the cloth. The name was originally brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during the Invasion of 1066 were of three kinds. There were names of Norse origin which their ancestors had carried into Normandy; names of Germanic origin which the Frankish conquerors had brought across the Rhine and which had ousted the old Celtic and Latin names from France, and Biblical names and names of Latin and Greek saints. These names they retained even after the customs and language of the natives of Northern France had been adopted by them. After the Norman Conquest not only Normans, but Frenchmen and Bretons from other parts of France settled in England, and quite a few found their way north into Scotland. The name has numerous variant spellings which include FREELEY, FREER, FRAILEY, FRIER and FRIAR, to name but a few. Early records of the name mention Robert le Frere who was documented in the year 1196 in County Yorkshire and Roger le Frier, was recorded in 1243 in County Somerset. Magota Frere of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Maynard Frere married Margaret Tonsounne at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in 1540. James Jacob married Sarah Friar, St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1773. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The dolphin in heraldry seems originally to have conveyed an idea of Sovereignty. The first of the Troubadors was called the Dauphin or Knight of the Dolphin, from the bearing of that figure on his shield. The Dolphin appears to have been employed on early Greek coins as an emblem of the sea. Vespasian had medals struck with a dolphin entwining an anchor, in token of the naval superiority of Rome. Dolphin in Archaeology is the emblem of swiftness, diligence and grace.
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