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Frausto Coat of Arms / Frausto Family Crest

Frausto Coat of Arms / Frausto Family Crest

The surname of FRAUSTO is a Portugese medieval given name, a derivative of FAUSTIS, and rendered in ancient documents in the Latin form FAUSTINUS. The name was borne in honour of various early saints including a 2nd century martyr of Lombardy and a 4th century bishop of Brescia, supposedly his descendant. It was also a German and Ashkenazic Jewish nickname for a strong or pugnacious person, and a name given to one 'who was lucky and fortunate'. The name has numerous variant spellings which include FUST, FIST, DE VUYST, FAUSTLEIN, FEISTEL, FEISTLE, FAUSTOV and FAVSTOV, to name but a few. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. A notable member of the name was Johann FUST (circa.1400-1466) the German printer and goldsmith, born in Mainz. In 1450 and in 1452 he made loans to the printer Gutenberg, to help complete the printing of his bible. When the loans were not repaid he sued for the debt, receiving in lieu of payment, Gutenberg's printing plant, with which he started his own business. They published the 'Gutenberg Bible in 1465'. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.

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last updated on: September 13 2018

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