This German name of FRASCH derives from the medieval given name of FRISCH a pet form of FREDERICK. The name was borne by a canonized 9th century bishop of Utrecht, and was a hereditary name among the Hohrnstaufen ruling family; hence its popularity in central Europe. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. There are many variations on this name amongst which are FRISCHE, FRISCHMANN, FRISH, FRISCHLER, FRYSZER, FRISCHLING, FRESCO, FRESKO and FRISCHBERG. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. Among the humbler classes of European society, and especially among illiterate people, individuals were willing to accept the mistakes of officials, clerks and priests as officially bestowing a new version of their surname, just as they had meekly accepted the surname they had been born with. In North America, the linguistic problems confronting immigration officials at Ellis Island in the 19th century were legendary as a prolific source of Anglicization.A notable member of the name was Hermann FRASCH, the German-born American industrial chemist, born in Gailsdorf, Wurtemberg. He emigrated to the United States in 1868 and worked there and in Canada as a chemist and oil man. He is best known for the FRASCH process of extracting sulphur from deep underground deposits by the use of superheated steam.
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