The name FRANCOM was originally from the Norman given name FRANC, in origin an ethnic name for a FRANK, a member of the Germanic people who inhabited the lands around the river Rhine in Roman times. In the 6th century, under their leader Clovis 1. the Franks established themselves a substantial empire in central Europe, which later developed into the so-called Holy Roman Empire. Their most famous ruler was the Emperor Charlemagne (742-814). Only the Frankish race enjoyed the status of being free-men in early times. Early records of the name mention John le Franchomme, 1273 County Huntingdonshire. William de Francome was documented in Yorkshire in 1300. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monastries, gave rise to many surnames. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status.During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Other records of the name mention Robertus Frankham of Yorkshire who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Morse married Dorothy Frankum at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1627. Baptised. Isabel Francombe, St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1630.
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