This clan traces its origin to John of Forbes who held the lands of Forbes in Aberdeenshire in the 13th Century. In 1303 Alexander of Forbes was killed during the attack on Urquhart Castle by the English, and his son was killed at the Battle of Dupplin in 1332. Alexander Forbes was created a peer by James II. in 1442, as Baron Forbes, and he married the granddaughter of King Robert III. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The Forbeses of Culloden were descended from Sir John Forbes of Forbes, through the Forbes of Tolquhoun, and Duncan Forbes, the laird of Culloden who was Lord President of the Court of Sessions at the time of the '45, exercised his powerful influence to prevent many of the clans from joining the army of Prince Charles. King George 11. proved to be an ungrateful sovereign and Forbes received no reward for his loyalty, not even repayment of his own money spent in military service. The peerage of Pitsligo was conferred on Alexander Forbes in 1633. Alexander, 4th Lord Pitsligo, protested against the Union of 1707 and took part in the Jacobite Risings of 1715 and 1745. His estates were forfeited and on the death of his son the title become dormant. The plant badge is Broom; the war cry is LONACH, and the pipe music 'The Battle of Glen Eurann'. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The origin of the name; A place name, Aberdeenshire, and in Gaelic is FORBEIS.
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