This surname FLEMMING was a locational name 'of Fleming' one who came from a place so called in Normandy. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Serlo le Flemyng, 1150, London. John le Fleming, 1272 County Lincolnshire. William Flemmyng of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. Richard le Fleming of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Margaret Fleming (1803-1811) was a Scottish child author, born in Kirkcaldy, Fife. She was distantly related to Sir Walter Scott, who referred to her as 'Pet Marjorie'and she was the theme of an exquisite essay by Dr. John Browne. She wrote poems and a three volume Diary. Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915) Scots born Canadian railway engineer, born in Kirkcaldy. He went to Canada in 1845, and became chief engineer of the Inter-colonial Railway in 1867. He surveyed several famous routes, including Yellowhead and Kicking Horse passes. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.
Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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