The surname of FIEGER was an occupational name for a steward or overseer, originally derived from the Old German word FUGER meaning (to arrange, dispose, neat and smart). The name is also spelt FUGER, FUGENER, FIEGNER, FUCKERT and FUCKART. A Swabian family of this name grew immensely rich through banking and trade in the early 16th century; they became powerful and influential, and were notable patrons of the arts and sciences. They were established in Augsburg in 1368 by a master weaver, Johannes FUGGER (1348-1409). The main branch of the family is descended from Jakob FUGGER I (died 1469) whose three sons were all ennobled. His son Jacob II (1459-1525) extended the family's wealth and power by exploiting the new sea routes to India. He was created a count by the Emperor Maximilian I, to whom he made a loan of 10,000 golden guilders in return for the mortgage of the county of Kirchberg and the lordship of Weissenhorn. The family spread throughout Europe; the name for example, found as FUKIER as late at 1944 in Warsaw. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
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