This surname FERRARI of Italian origin, was an occupational name, a blacksmith, a worker in metals. It was in the cities and large towns that the various workers in metal of one kind or another developed. Protected and nurtured by the craft guilds they formed in the Middle Ages, they rose in rank above the peasants in the country districts. They were considered to be highly skilled craftsmen. Men did not hesitate to engage in fierce combat during this time, and they desired as much armour and strong weapons as possible. Despite evidence that hereditary surnames were in use in the Venetian Republic as early as the 10th Century, the origin of many Italian surnames is unclear. There is still a great potential for research into medieval Italian records while documented evidence indicates the adoption of the father's name as a surname is the most common form. The familiar endings of "i" and "o", meaning to be a member of a certain family, bears this out. Notables of the name include Gaudenzio FERRARI (1471-1546) the Italian painter, most of whose works are in the Lombard galleries. Andrea FERRARA (16th century). He was an Italian broad-sword maker, probably born in Ferrara. With his brother he was in great repute as an armourer in Belluno in 1585. It is said that he tempered sword blades by the method employed by the smith of Damascus. Paola FERRARI (1822-89) was the Italian dramatist, born in Modena. He wrote many excellent comedies including 'Goldoni' (1852) and 'Parini e la Satira' (1857). In 1860 he became professor of history at Modena and afterwards at Miland. Enzo FERRARI (1898-1988) was the Italian racing-car designer, born in Modena. He became a racing driver in 1920 with Alfa-Romeo, and founded the company which bears his name in 1929. Social conditions in Southern Italy during the agricultural depression of the late 19th Century spurred the first wave of emigration as thousands of people escaped to the New World. Latin America was the original destination for these early settlers but as the economy strengthened in the United States, North America became more popular. During the 1920's, life in Australia was good, and from Italy there came a huge wave of immigrants, fleeing from poverty in their own country. They grew fruit and vegetables in Victoria, and cut sugar cane in Queensland. Commerce flourished in the cities.
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