This surname of FENDER was an official or nickname 'a defender' one who defends or wards off, perhaps a name applied to the keeper of a castle. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Roger FENDOUR, who was recorded during the reign of Edward II (1307-1327). Edward FENDER of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Surnames can be divided into four categories; place names, occupation names, nicknames and patronymics. PLACE NAMES are the largest group and covers all those names first applied to people who lived in or nearby to a particular place. For example, Grove, Wood, Field, Meadow, and Street are obvious. Occasionally names were taken from obscure villages or hamlets which no longer exist and this can make research confusing. OCCUPATION NAMES cover nearly all trades which existed in the Middle Ages. These are numerous. It does not necessarily follow that such names as King, Duke, Earl and so on mean your ancestors were of noble blood. It is much more likely that such named people worked for the person referred to. NICKNAMES. This is a smaller group but in many ways more interesting. They usually originated as a by-name for someone by describing their appearance, personal disposition or character but which became handed down through the ages and did not apply to their descendants. For instance the name Black would denote a dark man, Little, someone small (or even somewhat ambiguously) someone tall. PATRONYMICS. This group covers all names which derive immediately from the owner's father. Many christian names which are also surnames have, over the years, lost the possessive form but the origin is still the same. Examples of this could be names such as Peter,Thomas, Henry - all names which became both christian and surnames over the years. The name appeared in Scotland at an early date and William FENDER was a dagger-maker in Scotland in 1578. Thomas FENDER was recorded in Aberdeen in 1612.
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