The surname of FEDOR is a French, English, Welsh, German, Russian and Polish given name originally derived from the Greek THEODOROS, composed of the elements THEOS (God) + DORON (gift). The name was relatively popular in the Middle Ages because of its auspicious meaning of 'God-given'. The name has numerous variant spellings which include TUDOR, TEODORI, TEOFORO, DORET, DORIN, FEDKO, FEDKIN and THEODORE to name but a few. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Notable members of the name include THEODORUS of SAMOS (6th century BC) who was the Greek Sculptor. He is said to have developed sculptoral hollow-casting for large figures in bronze, and invented several kinds of tools for use in casting. THEODOSIUS the Elder (died. 376) was the Roman soldier, by birth a Spaniard. He campaigned in Britain (368-70) against the Caledonians, naming a reconquered district Valentia, after the emperors. Saint THEODORE of Tarus (circa.602-690) was the Greek prelate, born in Tarsus in Cilicia, and consecrated archbishop of Canterbury by Pope Vitalian in 668. In Canterbury he established a Greek School, and organized the administrative system of the English Church. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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