This surname FAULKNER was an official occupational name 'the falconer' the keeper of his lord of the manor's falcons. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Early records of the name mention Faukonarii (without surname) who worked at Carnarvon Castle in 1282, earning 6d per day in the summer, and 5d in the winter. Richard le Faulconer was recorded in the year 1273 in County Huntingdonshire and William Falconer was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Geoffrey Faulconer was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. In some cases this name may have also been an occupational name for a man who worked the 16th century piece of artillery named after the bird of prey. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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