The surname of FAUL was a locational name 'the dweller at the fell' a water fall or local declivity. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Edmund del Fal, 1273, County Lincolnshire. William de la Falle, was documented in County Gloucestershire in the same year. Roger del Fel, 1318 Yorkshire. The earliest on record in Scotland was John of Fawls of Leith, who imported salmon into London in the year 1438, and Arthur Faldis held land in Glasgow in 1536. Finlay Fell, a Dundee butcher, who was admitted burgess on 8th June, 1533. Andrew Fell was burgess of Dundee in 1611. Archibald Faulis was a merchant burgess there in 1642, and Robert Fals was charged with carrying of baggage in 1672. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward 11. (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry 1. (1100-1135) and when Henry 11 (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome.
Robert Fauls was master of a family in the parish of Buitle in 1684.
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