This surname was of the baptismal group of surnames, and was 'the son of Fawke' a font name still in use as late as the 17th century. The name was originally derived from the Old German FALCO, and was brought into England in the wake of the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1066. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Falc de Fonte, who was recorded in 1086 as a tenant-in-chief. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday Book. Other records of the name mention Tomas Falch who appears in 1182 in County Worcestershire and Fakesius de Brente, was documented in the year 1273, in County Yorkshire. Willelmus Faukes of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Fauke de Galmorgan was mentioned in 1400 in Wales. A later instance of the name includes Fawke Marrow and Isabell Jackway who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1612. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property. Guy Fawkes (1570-1606) was the English conspirator, born in York of Protestant parentage. Becoming a Catholic at an early age, he served in the Spanish army in the Netherlands (1593-1604) then crossed to England at Robert Catesby's invitation. Inspired with fanatical zeal for his religion, he plotted with several
Catholics to blow up King James I. his ministers and the members of both houses of Parliament on November 5th 1605. He was caught red-handed with the gun-powder in the cellar of the Palace of Westminster, he was tortured and hanged.
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