The surname of ESHLEMAN was derived from the Old English word Eastmund, a name meaning 'grace'. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property. Early records of the name mention Estmunt (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Ricardus filius Estmund was documented in County Essex in the year 1195. Stephen Estmund, 1227, Berkshire. Alan Esmund, 1285, County Essex. The name has many variant spellings which include EASTMAN, ASTMAN and ESMONT. American surnames comprise of surnames found in every country throughout the world, many with differences in spelling not seen in the old country due to the inability of clerks and Government officials to record correctly the names given them by unschooled immigrants not familiar with the English, French, German, Portugese, Dutch or Spanish languages currently used in the Port of entry or the part of the country where they settled. When an immigrant arriving in America with little knowledge of English gave his name verbally to the officials, it was written down by them as they heard it, and being thereby 'official' it was often accepted by the immigrant himself as the correct American rendering of his name. A Samuel ESHLEMAN was among the old, honoured and substantial families of Lancaster County, Pennsylvannia, who died January 2nd in 1902, aged seventy-one years, two months and twenty-nine days. Mr ESHLEMAN devoted almost his entire time to his farming interests, operating the homestead and the adjoining farm, carrying on a general line and also raising considerable stock. In 1870 he married Miss Annie Barr, and they became the parents of ten children.
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