This surname of ENGERT was derived from the Old French word 'engigneor' an occupational name 'the engineer'. In the middle ages the name referred to military machine makers and from the 12th century combined duty of architect and master mason. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. The name is also spelt GENNER, JENNER and ENGER. Early records of the name mention Waldinus Ingeniator, County Lincoln, 1273. Richard Legignur, 1191 Yorkshire. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. Later instances of the name include Robert Pascall and Gresagon Jeyner who were married at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1598 and Samuel Jenner and Catherine Roberts were married at the same church in the year 1781.
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