The surname of EDDS was a baptismal name 'the son of Eddie', it was an ancient and still popular font name. Following the crusades in Europe from the 11th to the 13th century, a need was felt for a family name in addition to the name that had been given at birth. This was recognised by those of noble birth as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Early records of the name mention Symon filius Ede, County Huntingdonshire in 1273. Robertus Eade of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Robert Ede was documented in County Somerset during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Audrian Awdryan and Christiane Ede were married in London in 1565. Robert, son of Robert Eades was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1670. James Eade and Abigail Chamberlain were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1773.
A notable member of the name was John Eade (1810-1876) the Scottish theologian and scholar, born in Alva. He published 'Biblical Cyclopaedia' in 1848, and a critical history of the English Bible in 1876.
William Ede married Margary Bishop at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1803. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.
Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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