The surname of ECCLESTON was a locational name 'of Eccleston' a parish in County Chester, three miles from Chester, a parish in County Lancashire, five miles from Chorley and three townships in County Lancashire. Early records of the name mention Robert de Eccleston, documented in Lancashire during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Henry de eccliston of Newton-le-Willows, County Lancashire, appears in the Lay Subsidy Rolls of 1332. Edward Eccleston of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Eccleston of Eccleston was listed in the Wills at Chester in the year 1540. Margaret, daughter of Richard Eccleston was baptised at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1598. Theodore, son of Richard Eccleston (merchant) was baptised at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1650. Between the 11th and 15th centuries, it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Invasion of 1066. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that it became a common practice for all people. The earliest English placenames were those taken over by the Anglo-Saxons from the Britons at the time of their settlement in Britain between the 5th and 6th centuries. It was after the Norman Conquest of 1066 that hereditary surnames began to be used. Many of the incoming Normans identified themselves by reference to the estates from which they had come in Northern France, and others took names from the places in England in which they settled. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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