This Polish surname of DUSCH was a baptismal name 'the son of DUSEK' meaning 'little ghost or spirit'. This name was also a Ashkenazic Jewish female given name DVOYRE from the Hebrew DEVORAH meaning 'Bee'. The name DEVORAH was borne in the Bible by Rebecca's nurse, and by a prophetess and judge. The name is also spelt DVORKIN, DWORKIS, DEVOSKIN, DUSSEK and DWOSKIN. A notable member of the name is Jan Ladislav DUSSEK (l760 - l8l2) Czech composer and pianist, born in Czaslau in Bohemia. In Amsterdam he produced his earliest works for the piano, and in London (l788-l800) he was very popular. From l803 to l806 he was instructor to Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, and in l808 he entered Talleyrand's service. He composed over 30 sonatas. The earliest Polish surnames were patronymic. The personal names from which they were derived were mainly Slavonic, but as the Middle Ages progressed, traditional Slavic given names, began to give way to saint's names, mainly of Latin origin. Surnames derived from Slavonic personal names are of early origin, and tend to be borne by aristocratic families. Some names were changed by immigrants whilst on the boat heading for America and Australia. These transformations were usually to names thought by the immigrants to be more respected in his native land than the one he bore. Many Poles added 'ski' to their names to attain a higher social status since such names were accorded more respect from people of Polish extraction. Thus a larger proportion of Polish names carried this termination in America and Australia than in Poland. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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