This surname of DOUGHERTY was derived from the Old English 'dohtig' a nickname for a strong and valiant man. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. The earliest of the name recorded appears to be Donnall O'Dochartaigh who appears in 1119. The name was taken early to Scotland by settlers and Ricardus Duchti held land in the vill of Traqwayre in 1365. William Daugherty appears in County Berwick in 1377, and John Doughti of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Doubty appears in the year 1674 in County Suffolk and Norfolk. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at County Surrey. They descend from a Saxon family of Dohtiy.
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