The surname of DIEMER was a baptismal name of German origin, the son of Diehl, a pet form of Theudoricus, and ancient personal name. After the Crusades in Europe, in the 11th 12th and 13th century people began, perhaps unconsciously, to feel the need of a family name, or at least a name in addition to the simple one that had been possessed from birth. The nobles and upper classes, especially those who went on the Crusades, observed the prestige and practical value of an added name, and were quick to take a surname. This name is also spelt DIEMAN, DIEM and DIENER. Anthony von DIEMAN (1593-1645) was the Dutch colonial administrator, who was governor general of Batavia from 1636, was responsible for the conquest of Malacca (1641) and parts of Ceylon (1644) important to the spice trade. He also commissioned Tasman to explore the South Pacific in the interest of trade (1642, 1644) that discovered Van Dieman's Land (now Tasmania). The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.
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