The surname of DIEMENT was of two-fold origin. Firstly it was a baptismal name 'the son of Dymond' an ancient although now forgotten personal name. It was also occasionally an occupational name 'the dayman' one who looked after the cattle. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. After the Crusades in Europe, in the 11th 12th and 13th century people began, perhaps unconsciously, to feel the need of a family name, or at least a name in addition to the simple one that had been possessed from birth. The nobles and upper classes, especially those who went on the Crusades, observed the prestige and practical value of an added name, and were quick to take a surname. Early records of the name mention Deamande de Pisingge of County Kent, who was documented in the year 1273. William Dyamond appears in County Devon in 1332, and Willelmus Dymond of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. Later instances of the name mention William Awstripp and Lucy Diamond who were married in London, 1614. Edward Spice and Mary Dimon were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1758.
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