This Italian surname of DEMARTINO was derived from the Latin Martinus - from Mars, the God of War. A popular font name during the 12th and 13th centuries. As the agricultural depression of southern Italy worsened towards the end of the 19th century, people began to escape to the New World. The exodus started in earnest in 1887 with Brazil and other parts of Latin America being the original destinations. By 1893, the economy had improved in the United States and people headed there from Italy in greater and greater numbers. In 1898 there were more Italian immigrants to the USA than from any other country. In the post war era, more than a quarter of Italians left the country for a new life. They joined a flood of immigrants to America which was averaging a million a year in the pre war years. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Martinus (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Martin de Littlebyr was documented in County Lancashire in the year 1273. Johannes Martynson of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Timothie Goose and Susan Martyn were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1580. Thomas Martinson married Sarah Burrows, St. George's Chapel, Hanover Square, London in 1797. George Rich Marton and Ann Pocklington were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1799. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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