Demanderville Coat of Arms / Demanderville Family Crest
The surname of DEMANDEVILLE was a locational name 'of Mandeville' the name of two places so called, in Normandy, France. The name was brought to England with the Norman Conqueror in 1066 and is documented in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Goisfrid de Mandeville, a chief tenant in many counties in England. Early records of the name also mention Nigel de Manderville, 1273 County Berkshire. Ricardus Maunfil, of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll tax of 1379. George Mandevell married Elizabeth Clinch at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1667. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
Geoffrey de Mandeville (died 1144) was an English baron created Earl of Essex in 1141. The exact place from which the family derived is not known, but Manneville in Seine Maritime seems the most likely candidate. Geoffrey became very powerful and acquired large estates through reputedly treacherous dealings. After raising a rebellion he became an outlaw in the fens and was killed during a seige. His son. William de Mandeville (died 1189) was raised at the court of Philip of Flanders and became Count of Aumale by his marriage in 1179. The earldom of Essex passed to the de Bohun family in the 13th century.
Following the Crusades in Europe a need was felt for a family name. This was recognized by those of noble blood, who realised the prestige and practical advantage that it would add to their status.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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