This Italian and Spanish surname was a locational name meaning 'the dweller in, or near a field' or 'one who came from Campos, the name of several places in Spain'.The name is also spelt CAMPO,CAMPI and DI CAMPO. The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. Notable members of this name include Antonio CAMPI (c.l536-c.l59l) Italian painter and architect, brother of Giulio and Vincenzo CAMPI. He was a successful imitator of Correggio. Bernardino CAMPI (c.l522-c.l592) Italian artist, the son of a goldsmith and possibly a kinsman of Antonio CAMPI. He imitated Titian with such success that it has been difficult to distinguish the copies from the originals. His works may be seen in Mantua and Cremona. Vincenzo CAMPI (l536-l59l) Italian painter, brother of Antonio and Giulio Campi. He excelled in small figures, also painted portraits. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy.
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