DEJAGER was a baptismal name 'the son of Jacquard' an early Norman font name, which was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Aldred William Jagard, 1194 Herefordshire, appears to be the first of the name on record. John Jakard was documented in County Surrey in 1296. Thomas Jager of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Jaggard and Anne Chapman were married in London in the year 1609. Richard Jaggard of County Middlesex, registered at Oxford University in the year 1621. John Jaggard was the curate of St. Nicholas, King's Lynn, Norfolk, in 1702. John Tobias Jaccard and Christain Moody were married at St. George, Hanover Square, London in 1729, and Samuel Jaggard and Elizabeth Abell were married at the same church in 1781. The acquisition of surnames in Europe and England, during the last eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in cultures and traditions. On the whole the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working class or the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. The bulk of surnames in England were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in place names into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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