The surname of DEDMON is a variant of Debenham, a locational name 'of Debenham' a parish in the diocese of Norwich. There is also a place so called in County Suffolk. The name was derived from the Old English word DEOPEHAMME, and literally meant the dweller by the deep river. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The small villages gave rise to many surnames, as it was customary for a man to be named from where he lived or from the land that he owned. This name would have identified his whole family, and followed him wherever they moved. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. Early records of the name mention DEPBENHAM (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as DEPHAM (without surname) in 1226. John de Debenham, 1279, County Huntingdonshire. Francis Debnan of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Martha Harris, sister of Samuel Deadman was buried at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in the year 1688. Rice Deadnam and Mary Shawbridge were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1783. James, the son of James Dedman, a soldier, was baptised at Canterbury Cathedral in 1799. Elizabeth Deadman of County Lancashire, was listed in the Wills at Chester in the year 1803. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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