The Spanish surname of DE PALMA was originally derived from the Old French PAUMER, meaning one who made pilgrimage to the Holy Land, so called from the palm branch he carried. Such pilgrims generally brought back a palm branch as proof that they had actually made the journey, but there was a vigerous trade in false souvenirs, and the term also came to be applied to a cleric who sold indulgences. In Spain identifying patronymics are to be found as early as the mid-9th century, but these changed with each generation, and hereditary surnames seem to have come in slightly later in Spain than in England and France. As well as the names of the traditional major saints of the Christian Church, many of the most common Spanish surnames are derived from personal name of Germanic origin. For the most part these names are characteristically Hispanic. They derive from the language of the Visigoths, who controlled Spain between the mid-5th and early 8th centuries. The name was originally brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066 and was Anglizised to Palmer. PALMERE (without surname) who was recorded in County Kent in 1086, appears to be the first of the name on record. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. Other records of the name mention Ralph de le Palmere of the County of Yorkshire in 1273. Ricardus Palmer, mason, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Roger le Palmere of the County of Middlesex was documented in the year 1440. Henry Palmer and Agnes Hayes were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1565.
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