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Darville Coat of Arms / Darville Family Crest

Darville Coat of Arms / Darville Family Crest

This surname DARVILLE was originally spelt as de Daiville or de Aivelle. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday Book. The name in England was originally spelt as D'ARVILLE, and literally meant the dweller at the settlement village. Early records of the name mention Robert de Aiuilla who was recorded in the year 1175 in County Yorkshire. Roger de Divill appears in 1198 in County Norfolk and John le Deuyle was documented in the year 1327 in County Suffolk. Thomas Darville of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Edward Darvill appears in County Lancashire in the year 1400. The name has many variant spellings which include Davall, Deauville and De Ville. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.


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Last Updated: May 9, 2020

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