The surname of DARROW (also spelt DARROCH) was derived from the Gaelic Mac Dubhdara. The name is chiefly associated with County Antrim, and is sometime anglicized as Oakes by translation of dair, meaning oak. It is not known exactly what date a region in north-eastern Ulster was erected into the county of Antrim, but in 1584 the Lord Deputy, who was then attempting to subdue Ulster and subject it to English government, divided the county into baronies. The chief town is the port-city of Belfast. Due to the growth of industry in the Lagan valley since the 19th century, there has been a heavy movement of population into the city and the surrounding area. Following the subjugation of the Irish chieftains in Ulster, Scottish and English settlers were induced to establish themselves in County Antrim as in the other counties of the province and many of these settlers were encouraged by the government to engage in the cultivation of flax, both for linen manufacture in the county and for export as yarn. Further encouragement was given in this industry at the end of the 17th and early 18th century when Huguenot refugees received grants to enable them to share their experience of textile manufacture and instruct those engaged in branches of their industry in Antrim, to improve their methods, so by the latter decades of the 18th century, County Antrim produced almost one half of the total Irish exports of brown linens. Darroch is a branch of the Scottish Clan MacDonald. John Darach was the bailie of Stirling in 1406, and John Darach de Cruce was mentioned in 1445, and may be the same John Darraugh, commissioner for the burgh of Stirling in 1450. Jonete Darok is in record in 1458, and Mariote Darrauch appears as the nurse of the Lady Margaret, second daughter of James II. in 1462. Jacobus Darow was a notary public in 1477, and William Darroch was a witness in Ayr in 1505. Ninian Dorroche was burgess Freeman of Glasgow in 1608, and John Darroch was a merchant burgess of Glasgow in 1620. Bertie Derrock was a tenant of Caldwell in 1632, and Alexander Dorrach appears in Falkirk in 1684.
A notable member of the name was Clarence Seward DARROW (1857-1938) the American attorney, born in Kinsman, Ohio. Admitted to the bar in 1878, he began as a small-town Ohio lawyer, but moved to Chicago in 1887. From 1894 he acted for labour union officials, but later became a defense counsel in several sensational trials. His books include 'Crime; Its Causes and Treatment' (1922).
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