The name DARGIE was of local origin from the village of Dargie in the parish of Liff-Benvie in Angus. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. John Darge possessed a tenement in Northberwyk in the year 1477, and appears to be the first of the name on record in Scotland. Stephen Darg witnessed a notarial transumpt of a letter of James III in 1537 to the burgesses of Haddington and an Andrew Darg was admitted burgess of Aberdeen in 1572, and is probably the same Andrew Dayrg who was elected deacon in 1591. Robert Darge was the burgess of Aberdeen in the year of 1612, and Janet Darg appears in Dundee in 1613. Walter Darge was deprived of the liberty of preaching within the presbytery of Fordyce in 1666. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. A family of this name were kindly tenants for many generations under the monks of Melrose, and latterly as tacksmen and feuars. (one who held a possession on payment of a certain yearly rent in grain or money).
In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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