The surname of DALES was derived from the Old English word Dael - the dweller in or near the dales. Local names usually denoted where a man held land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Ralph de la Dale, 1275 County Suffolk. John atte Dale was recorded in the year 1327 in County Sussex and William en le Dale, was documented in 1318 in Sheffield. Thomas Del Dale of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, as was Robertus del Dale and Willelmus at Dale. Walter Marler married Mary Dale at St. Antholin, London in the year 1545. Thomas Dale and Christyan Hobkyns were married at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in the year 1567. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The name is also spelt Dalles.
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