The surname of DAINES is a variant of Dean, and was a locational name 'the dweller at the dene' from residence near or in a valley. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention DENE (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as DENA (without surname) in Bedfordshire in 1193. Thomas de la Dane, County Hertfordshire, 1273. Johanna del Dene of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John le Danes was documented in County Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377).
Richard Deane (1610-1653) was an English parliamentry commander. During the civil war he commanded the parliamentry artillery in Cornwall and at Naseby (1645). He was a commissioner at the trial of Charles 1. and one of the signatories of the king's death warrant. Later he held commands on both land and sea. He was major-general at the battle of Worcester (1651) and commander-in-chief in Scotland. He was general at sea with Robert Blake at the battle of Portland (1653) and was killed in the battle of Solebay later that year. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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