The surname of CROUCH was a locational name 'the dweller at the cross' from residence nearby. They were once a familiar sight at the intersection of the great country thoroughfares or at the place of the markets. The name was derived from the Old English word CRUC. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land. Early records of the name mention Gilbert Cruche, 1221, County Devon. William Attecruche was recorded in County Essex in 1290, and Laurence atte Crouch, 1327, County Sussex. John atte Crouche, documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Stephen atte Crouche, vicar of Wigenhale, St. Mary's, County Norfolk, 1358.
The name was taken to Scotland by settlers, and Johannes Crooch. who witnessed a charter by the earl of Buchan, circa 1500, appears to be the first of the name on record. John Cruche was the burgess of Canongate, Edinburgh in the year 1567.
At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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