The surname of CROCKETT was derived from the Old English CROCCERT - meaning a polter (one who dealt in poultry). This name is also locational, the name of several places throughout England. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Avicia de Cruket of the County of Dorset, in the reign of Henry III (1216-1272). William de Cruket of the County of Southampton, in 1272. Croket of the County of Lancashire was documented in the year 1350. A later instance of the name included James Hatter and Jone Crokett who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London 1647. The name was early in Scotland, and William Croketa of Kylbride in Lanarkshire was recorded in 1296. Andrew Crokat was a chaplain in 1384, and Walter Crokat was recorded as a tenant in Girnal Mill in Kincreach in 1483. There was a wealthy family of this name residing in Edinburgh in the seventeenth century. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. A notable member of the name was David Crockett (known as Davy) who was born in 1786. He was the American frontiersman, and distinguished himself against the Creek Indians in Andrew Jackson's campaign of 1814. In 1821 he was elected to the Tennessee state legislature, and in 1826 to the congress. He died fighting for Texas at the battle of Alamo in 1836. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The arms were registered at Little Onn Hall, County Stafford. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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