This Scottish surname CRANDALL is the Anglicized form of the Gaelic personal name Raonull, which is a borrowing from the Old Norman Rognvaldr. It was originally from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements RAGIN (counsel) and WALD (rule) which was first introduced into England by Scandinavian settlers, and greatly reinforced after the Conquest of 1066. There are no less than fifteen variant spellings of the name. The name was taken to Scotland by early settlers and there the name is a late development of the Norman name GRIMKETILL. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. Early records of the name mention GRIMKETEL (without surname) who held a carucate in 1195 which later was given to the Abbey of Paisley. (A carucate was an amount of land, such as one team of oxen could plough in a season). John M'Rynald or Makrynnild who was a tenant in Edinburgh in 1506. Allan McTynild was a witness at Gawrie in 1596, and Ranald M'Couilgas appears in 1563. This great Gaelic family emerged in latter years in the county of Leitrim, and their family seat was at Lough Scur Castle. By the 16th century, the name had mainly been converted to Reynolds. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
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