This Spanish, English and Italian surname was originally derived from the Old Italian word CORONA (meaning crown), and rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form CORONA (garland). It was perhaps a house name for someone who lived in a house with this sign or a nickname for someone who had a tonsure in fulfilment of a religious vow. The name has many variant spellings which include CORONOS, CORONADO, COURONNE, KRONE and KROON. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The associated coat of arms are recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Trevise. In Spain identifying patronymics are to be found as early as the mid-9th century, but these changed with each generation, and hereditary surnames seem to have come in slightly later in Spain than in England and France. As well as the names of the traditional major saints of the Christian Church, many of the most common Spanish surnames are derived from personal names of Germanic origin. For the most part these names are characteristically Hispanic. They derive from the language of the Visigoths, who controlled Spain between the mid-5th and early 8th centuries. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy.
A notable member of the name was Francisco Vazquez de CORONADO (1510-54) the Spanish conquistador and explorer of Mexico, born in Salamanca. In 1540 he commanded as expedition which penetrated into what is now the southwest of the USA and discovered the Grand Canyon of Colorado.
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