This name was of the locational group of surnames meaning one 'of Caldecote' parishes in Peterborough and Worcestershire. The name was derived from the Old English word 'ceald-cote' and literally meant the dweller at the cold-huts. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Early records of the name mention William de Cheldecot, 1225, County Kent. Richard de Coldecot was recorded in 1275 in the County of Worcestershire. Henry de Caudecote, 1273 County Suffolk. Roger de Caldecote was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Alex Caldicutt married Ann Goodman at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1758. Thomas Parsley and Susanna Caldecott were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1758. William Callcott and Anne Wheeler were married at the same church in the year 1783. Randolph Caldecott (1846-86) was an English artist and illustrator. He illustrated books like "Aesop's Fables" and The Caldecott Medal has been annually awarded since 1938 to the best American artist-illustrator of children's books. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884
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