The surname of CONINE was a nickname, originally rendered in Old French as CANOINE, meaning a clergyman living in a house with others in a clergy house. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the form CANONICUS. Most early bearers of the name were serfs, who perhaps gained the name from a certain dignity of bearing. The name is also spelt CANONICI, CANONACO, CALONGE and the English form in CANNON. As the agricultural depression of southern Italy worsened towards the end of the 19th century, people began to escape to the New World. The exodus started in earnest in 1887 with Brazil and other parts of Latin America being the original destinations. By 1893, the economy had improved in the United States and people headed there from Italy in greater and greater numbers. In 1898 there were more Italian immigrants to the USA than from any other country. In the post war era, more than a quarter of Italians left the country for a new life. They joined a flood of immigrants to America which was averaging a million a year in the pre war years. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy. Early records of the name in England and Scotland mention John le Cannon 1273 County Oxford. William le Cannon of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Leghe married Alice Cannon in London in 1527. Jone Cannon was baptised at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in 1570. The name is widely spread and found in Kirkcudbrightshire and in parts of Dumfriesshire, Scotland. John Acannane, Balmakclellane is recorded in Scotland in the year 1574. John Cannan of Guffockland, Scotland, was documented in the year of 1684. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Italy.
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