The surname of CONGLETON was a locational name from the Old Barony of Congalton in the parish of Dirleton, East Lothian. The family, however. may have come from Congilton in Cheshire, and given that name to their new possession. The first of the name on record appears to be Robert de Congaltoun, who witnessed a charter of Richard de Moreville in 1182. John of Congiltoun was granted a safe conduct into England from Scotland in 1424. John Congiltoun was burgess of Aberdeen in the year 1548. William Colgingtoun was appointed one of the justices of peace for Haddingtonshire in 1673. Scottish surnames fall into two quite distinct groups; those of Gaelic origin and those of English origin. The Gaelic language was brought to Scotland from Ireland around the 5th century AD, displacing the British language (an early form of Welsh) previously spoken there as well as elsewhere. Gaelic was the main language of that part of Scotland not subject to English influence, a rather more extensive area than the present day Highlands and Islands, where Gaelic is still spoken in places. It is from these northwestern and western area of Scotland that surnames of Gaelic origin, now almost universally Anglicized in form, have been disseminated around the world. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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